RAG2 gene

Published Categorized as Genetics
RAG2 gene

The RAG2 gene, also known as Recombination Activating Gene 2, is a crucial gene involved in the development of the immune system. It plays a significant role in the process of V(D)J recombination, which is responsible for generating a diverse repertoire of antibodies and T-cell receptors necessary for recognizing and fighting off foreign invaders.

Mutations in the RAG2 gene can lead to various immune disorders, including Omenn syndrome, combined immunodeficiency, and other related conditions. These genetic changes can affect the normal function of the RAG2 protein, disrupting the recombination process and impairing the immune system’s ability to recognize and eliminate harmful pathogens.

Testing for RAG2 gene mutations is available in clinical laboratories and can be used to diagnose various immunodeficiency disorders. The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database and PubMed provide additional information, scientific references, and resources related to the RAG2 gene and its associated conditions.

The Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Genetic Testing Registry (GTR) are valuable resources for clinicians and researchers to access information on genetic variants within the RAG2 gene and their association with immunodeficiency diseases. These databases list the names of variants, their clinical significance, and additional information on the associated conditions.

Understanding the role of the RAG2 gene and its importance in the immune system can help in the diagnosis and management of various immunodeficiency disorders. Further research and scientific articles on the RAG2 gene and related genes involved in the recombination-activating system will contribute to a better understanding of these conditions and potential therapeutic approaches.

Health Conditions Related to Genetic Changes

Genetic changes in the RAG2 gene are associated with various health conditions. The RAG2 gene provides instructions for making a protein that is involved in the process of V(D)J recombination, which helps create a diverse repertoire of antibodies and T-cell receptors that can recognize a wide range of foreign invaders.

When genetic changes occur in the RAG2 gene, it can lead to several disorders and diseases. One of the most notable conditions is RAG2 immunodeficiency, which can cause a weakened immune system. This condition can result in recurrent and severe infections, particularly in early childhood.

Other health conditions related to genetic changes in the RAG2 gene include Omenn syndrome and variant RAG2 deficiency. Omenn syndrome is a severe form of combined immunodeficiency that typically presents with characteristic symptoms like erythroderma, hepatosplenomegaly, and lymphadenopathy. Variant RAG2 deficiency is a milder form of immunodeficiency that can manifest with a broader range of symptoms.

To diagnose these health conditions, genetic testing can be performed to identify changes in the RAG2 gene. This testing is typically done using DNA samples obtained from blood or other tissues. Genetic testing can help confirm a diagnosis and provide valuable information for treatment and management.

There are several resources available for further information on health conditions related to genetic changes in the RAG2 gene. The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database provides a comprehensive catalog of genetic disorders and their associated genes. PubMed, a scientific literature database, also contains articles and references related to these conditions. Additionally, the Clinical Immunology Society (CIS) and the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) can provide additional resources and support.

Health Conditions Related to Genetic Changes in RAG2 Gene
Condition References
RAG2 immunodeficiency
Omenn syndrome
Variant RAG2 deficiency

Testing for genetic changes in the RAG2 gene is important for identifying these health conditions and providing appropriate care and management. Resources such as OMIM and PubMed can help healthcare professionals and individuals access the latest scientific information and research on these conditions.

Omenn syndrome

Omenn syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder caused by changes in the RAG2 gene. It is characterized by severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) with highly elevated levels of an immune response in affected individuals. Omenn syndrome is associated with a malfunctioning recombination-activating gene 2 (RAG2) protein, which is essential for normal immune system development and function.

Individuals with Omenn syndrome have variants in the RAG2 gene that result in abnormal protein function. These changes impair the ability of the immune system to recognize and fight off infections, making affected individuals highly susceptible to opportunistic pathogens and other invaders.

The clinical features of Omenn syndrome include erythroderma (red, inflamed skin), alopecia (hair loss), lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes), hepatosplenomegaly (enlarged liver and spleen), and diarrhea due to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Omenn syndrome can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated promptly.

Genetic testing is available to confirm the diagnosis of Omenn syndrome. Testing typically involves sequencing the RAG2 gene to identify variants associated with the condition. Additional genetic testing may be necessary to determine if there are variants in other genes related to immunodeficiency.

References to scientific articles and resources related to Omenn syndrome can be found on online databases such as PubMed, OMIM, and the Clinical Immunodeficiency and Immunological Registry. These resources provide additional information on the genetics, function, and testing for Omenn syndrome.

Furthermore, the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) maintains a registry of genes associated with primary immunodeficiency disorders, including Omenn syndrome. The IUIS gene catalog provides a central repository of scientific names, aliases, and variant nomenclature for the genes associated with primary immunodeficiency disorders.

In summary, Omenn syndrome is a rare and severe form of immunodeficiency caused by variants in the RAG2 gene. It is characterized by abnormal immune system function and can result in life-threatening complications. Genetic testing and resources from scientific databases are essential for the diagnosis and management of this condition.

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Other disorders

RAG2 gene variants can cause a range of immunodeficiency disorders, including Omenn syndrome, Omenn-like syndrome, and a variant form of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID).

Omenn syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by abnormal development and function of several different types of immune cells. This condition results in a compromised immune system that is unable to protect the body from infections. People with Omenn syndrome often have recurrent infections, rashes, diarrhea, failure to thrive, and other symptoms.

Omenn-like syndrome is a similar disorder that shares clinical features with Omenn syndrome but has a distinct genetic cause. Both conditions are characterized by abnormal immune system function and an increased susceptibility to infections.

Individuals with RAG2 gene mutations can also develop a variant form of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). SCID is a group of genetic disorders that cause severe abnormalities of the immune system, leaving affected individuals vulnerable to life-threatening infections. The RAG2-related variant of SCID has a wide range of symptoms and severities, and the onset can occur from infancy to adulthood.

Testing for RAG2 gene variants can be done through various genetic testing methods, such as sequencing the RAG2 gene or analyzing the genes involved in recombination-activating proteins. Many resources, such as OMIM and PubMed, provide additional information on these disorders and related genetic changes.

Clinicians and researchers can refer to these databases and scientific articles for comprehensive information on RAG2 gene mutations and associated disorders. These resources include catalogs of genetic variants, clinical descriptions of the disorders, and information on how the changes in RAG2 gene function affect immune cell development and function.

Recognizing and understanding these disorders is crucial for accurate diagnosis, management, and treatment of individuals with RAG2 gene mutations or related conditions.

Other Names for This Gene

The RAG2 gene is also known by other names, which include:

  • Recombination-activating gene 2 (RAG2)
  • RAG2 protein

This gene plays a crucial role in the normal function of the immune system, specifically in the recognition and recombination of genes within the immune system. Mutations or changes in the RAG2 gene can lead to various immunodeficiency disorders.

Some of the syndromes and diseases that are related to changes in this gene include Omenn syndrome, combined immunodeficiency, and immunodeficiency with or without Omenn syndrome. These conditions can impact the function of various tissues and organs within the immune system.

To test for genetic changes in the RAG2 gene, healthcare providers may perform genetic testing. Results of these tests can help with the diagnosis and management of individuals with conditions related to this gene.

Additional information and resources on the RAG2 gene, including articles, databases, catalogues, and references on related disorders, can be found in scientific publications and health registries such as OMIM, PubMed, and other scientific databases.

It is important to consult with healthcare professionals and genetic counselors to understand the implications of genetic changes in the RAG2 gene and to access appropriate testing and support services.

Additional Information Resources

The RAG2 gene plays a central role in the immune system by allowing the recognition and removal of invaders. Mutations in this gene can lead to various disorders related to immune function.

For additional information on the RAG2 gene and related conditions, the following resources may be helpful:

  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM): A comprehensive catalog of genes and genetic conditions, OMIM provides detailed information on the RAG2 gene and associated disorders. The OMIM entry for RAG2 can be found by searching for “RAG2 gene” or related terms.
  • PubMed: A database of scientific articles, PubMed contains a wealth of information on the RAG2 gene and its function. Searching for “RAG2 gene” or related terms will yield numerous articles on this topic.
  • Gene Tests: This resource provides information on genetic testing for various conditions, including those related to the RAG2 gene. The Gene Tests website offers a range of testing options and clinical information.
  • Registry of Immunodeficiency (RAG2): The RAG2 Registry collects information on individuals with RAG2-related immunodeficiency disorders. This resource can provide additional insights into the condition and connect individuals with support networks.
  • ClinVar: ClinVar is a database of genetic variations and their relationship to health and disease. Searching for “RAG2 gene” or related terms in ClinVar can provide information on known variants and their clinical significance.

These resources offer a variety of information on the RAG2 gene, related genetic conditions, testing options, and scientific articles. They can be valuable references for clinicians, researchers, and individuals seeking to learn more about the RAG2 gene and its role in health and disease.

Tests Listed in the Genetic Testing Registry

The genetic testing registry provides a catalog of tests related to the RAG2 gene and its function in the immune system. These tests recognize changes, or variants, in the RAG2 gene that may be associated with immunodeficiency disorders, such as Omenn syndrome.

The RAG2 gene plays a central role in the recombination-activating system, which is responsible for rearranging genes in immune cells to create a diverse repertoire of proteins that can recognize and fight off invaders. Mutations in the RAG2 gene can disrupt this process and lead to various health conditions.

Tests listed in the genetic testing registry provide scientific information on the RAG2 gene, its variants, and associated diseases. They offer references to other resources, such as OMIM and PubMed databases, for additional information on related genes, diseases, and conditions.

Below are some of the tests listed in the genetic testing registry for the RAG2 gene:

  • Variant analysis of the RAG2 gene
  • Diagnostic testing for RAG2-associated immunodeficiency
  • Identification of RAG2 gene changes in patients with Omenn syndrome
  • Testing for RAG2 gene mutations in individuals with abnormal immune function

These tests provide crucial information for diagnosing and managing conditions related to the RAG2 gene. They help healthcare professionals identify specific gene variants and understand their impact on immune system function and overall health.

Scientific Articles on PubMed

The RAG2 gene is a recombination-activating gene essential for genetic recombination and related to various immunodeficiency disorders. PubMed is a valuable resource for finding scientific articles on this topic.

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PubMed provides a catalog of scientific articles on the RAG2 gene and its variants. These articles provide information on the genetic changes and associated conditions that can result from abnormalities in this gene. The articles also explore the normal function of RAG2, including its role in the immune system’s ability to recognize and eliminate foreign invaders.

For clinicians and researchers studying RAG2-related disorders, PubMed offers a wealth of information. The database includes references to scientific articles, clinical tests, and registry databases such as OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man) and the RAG2 Registry. These resources can aid in diagnosing and understanding the condition.

Additionally, PubMed lists articles on other diseases and conditions that may have overlapping features with RAG2-related disorders. This information can be useful for differential diagnosis and testing.

Scientific articles on PubMed cover a wide range of topics related to the RAG2 gene, including studies on the RAG2 protein, its function, and changes in the gene that contribute to various health conditions. PubMed articles also provide insights into the central role of RAG2 in the immune system’s ability to recognize and respond to pathogens.

Overall, scientific articles on PubMed offer a comprehensive and up-to-date source of information on the RAG2 gene and its related disorders. Researchers, clinicians, and individuals interested in this topic can access this valuable resource to enhance their understanding of RAG2-related conditions.

Catalog of Genes and Diseases from OMIM

The Catalog of Genes and Diseases from OMIM is a comprehensive resource that provides information on genetic disorders and conditions associated with the RAG2 gene. OMIM, or Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, is a central repository that collects and curates information on genes and genetic conditions.

Within this catalog, you can find a list of disorders and conditions that are associated with variations in the RAG2 gene. The RAG2 gene plays a critical role in the immune system, specifically in the process of recombination-activating gene (RAG) mediated V(D)J recombination. This recombination process is essential for the development and maturation of immune cells.

Individuals with RAG2 gene variants may develop immunodeficiency disorders such as Omenn syndrome, a severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) characterized by a dysfunctional immune response. Omenn syndrome is associated with a deficient immune system that fails to recognize and defend against foreign invaders such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

In addition to Omenn syndrome, the Catalog of Genes and Diseases from OMIM provides information on other genetic disorders and conditions related to the RAG2 gene. These conditions may affect various tissues and cell types in the body, resulting in a wide range of symptoms and clinical manifestations.

The catalog includes references to scientific articles, medical databases like PubMed, and other resources for further reading and research. It also lists the names of genes related to RAG2 and provides information on genetic testing and other diagnostic tests for these conditions.

Overall, the Catalog of Genes and Diseases from OMIM is a valuable tool for healthcare professionals, researchers, and individuals interested in genetics and genomics. It serves as a central registry of genetic disorders and provides essential information on the function, variant conditions, and health changes associated with the RAG2 gene.

Gene and Variant Databases

The RAG2 gene is a central gene in the genetic system responsible for recombination-activating genes (RAG genes).

It plays a crucial role in the immune system by encoding proteins involved in the V(D)J recombination process, which is required for the production of diverse antibodies and T cell receptors.

To provide additional information on the RAG2 gene and other related genes, several databases and resources are available. These databases include:

  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) registry, which provides comprehensive information on genes, genetic conditions, and diseases.
  • The Immunodeficiency Registry (IDR), which catalogs the genetic changes associated with immunodeficiency disorders.
  • The Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), which contains information on gene mutations and their associated diseases.
  • The PubMed database, which is a resource for scientific articles related to the RAG2 gene and its function in the immune system.

These databases and resources can be used to recognize and understand the changes in the RAG2 gene and other listed genes. They also provide information on the normal function of these genes, as well as the conditions and diseases associated with their variants.

In addition to these databases, there are also resources available for genetic testing and variant analysis. These resources include online tools and databases that can be used to analyze and interpret genetic variants in the RAG2 gene and other related genes. Such resources can help researchers and clinicians in their efforts to diagnose and treat genetic disorders.

Overall, the gene and variant databases listed above provide a wealth of information on the RAG2 gene and its related genes, as well as the conditions and diseases associated with their variants. They serve as valuable tools for researchers, clinicians, and individuals interested in the study of genetic disorders and the immune system.

References

  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) – This database provides information on genetic disorders and related genes. The entry for RAG2 gene can be found at OMIM 179616.
  • PubMed Central (PMC) – A collection of articles within the field of biomedical and life sciences. The database contains references to scientific papers related to the RAG2 gene. More information can be found at PMC.
  • Genes and Disease – A comprehensive resource that provides information on genes and their function in various tissues and diseases. The database includes information on the function of the RAG2 gene and its role in immunodeficiency. More information can be found at Genes and Disease.
  • Genetic Testing Registry (GTR) – This database provides information on genetic tests for various conditions. The registry includes information on genetic tests for RAG2 gene variants and related disorders. More information can be found at GTR.
  • ClinVar – A database that provides information on genetic variants and their relationship to human health. The database includes information on RAG2 gene variants and associated diseases. More information can be found at ClinVar.
Peter Reeves

By Peter Reeves

Australian National Genomic Information Service, including the database of BioManager, has been maintained for a long time by Peter Reeves, a professor at the University of Sydney. Professor Reeves is internationally renowned for his genetic analysis of enteric bacteria. He determined the genetic basis of the enormous variation in O antigens.