Facts About Rose

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Facts About Rose

Quick Answer: Roses are not only symbols of love and beauty but also have a rich history and biological diversity that fascinate gardeners and botanists alike. There are over 300 species of roses and thousands of hybrids, ranging in color, size, and shape, each with its unique characteristics. Roses have been cherished for centuries, not just for their aesthetic appeal but also for their use in perfumes, medicine, and culinary applications. They prefer well-drained, fertile soil and thrive in full sun, requiring at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. Interestingly, roses are related to a variety of fruits, including apples, raspberries, cherries, peaches, plums, and almonds, highlighting the diverse and interconnected nature of the plant kingdom.


Roses are often associated with love, but they are more than just a symbol of Valentine’s Day. These beautiful flowers come in various shapes, sizes, and colors, making them a diverse favorite in gardens across the country. With over 150 types of roses that grow as shrubs, climbers, and groundcovers, you can easily find a place for them in your garden. Don’t forget to take a moment to appreciate their fragrance. If you want to learn more about roses, here are some surprising facts that might give you a fresh perspective on this timeless flower.

blooming light pink 'cecile brunner' roses

‘Cecile Brunner’ is a variety of climbing roses that produce light pink blooms.

1. Roses Are One of the Oldest Flowers

It’s no wonder roses have been referenced in literature and music for centuries. Archaeologists have discovered rose fossils that date back 35 million years. Even more shocking is that the oldest living rose is 1,000 years old. This impressively enduring rose grows on a wall in the Hildesheim Cathedral in Germany.

2. You Can Eat Roses

Did you know that roses can be used in the kitchen for more than just decoration? Rose petals are edible and can be soaked in water to make rose water, which is used for flavoring in various Indian and Chinese dishes, as well as added to jellies and jams. Additionally, roses produce a fruit called rose hips, which come in different colors such as orange, red, dark purple, or black, and are packed with vitamin C. You can dry rose hips to make a refreshing tea or use them in cocktails. However, it’s important to note that you shouldn’t eat petals from standard florist roses as the pesticides used on them are not approved for food.

3. Their Fragrance is Used in Perfumes

Have you heard the saying “Stop and smell the roses”? The reason why roses are specifically mentioned in this phrase is because of their beautiful fragrance that has been popular for centuries. In fact, rose oil is a significant ingredient in many perfumes made for women. Interestingly, producing rose oil requires a large amount of roses; it takes about 2,000 roses to produce just one gram of oil.

4. Each Rose Color Has a Different Meaning

If you aren’t keen on the classic red rose that appears in movies and Valentine’s Day cards, you’re in luck; there are over ten beautiful colors of roses, all with specific meanings. Besides red roses symbolizing love and romance, pink roses exude grace and elegance. The vibrant color of the yellow rose represents friendship and cheer. On a more somber note, white roses signify sympathy, which is why you might often see them at funerals. However, white roses can also represent purity, spirituality, and innocence. For your next congratulatory bouquet (maybe for a graduate or new hire), offer orange roses. They represent enthusiasm.

5. The Rose is the U.S. National Flower

You probably could name the U.S. national bird (hint: It’s on the back of the quarter), but you might not know the national flower: The rose. In 1986, President Ronald Reagan declared the rose the national flower emblem of the U.S. He even did so while standing in the famous White House Rose Garden. Various roses are also the state flower of Georgia, Iowa, New York, North Dakota, and Washington, D.C.

Most Popular Flowers & Plants in the USA

RegionPopular FlowersPopular Plants
Northeast (e.g., New York, Massachusetts)Rose, Purple Lilac, Mountain LaurelSugar Maple, American Elm, White Pine
Southeast (e.g., Florida, Georgia)Orange Blossom, Cherokee Rose, Southern MagnoliaLive Oak, Spanish Moss, Saw Palmetto
Midwest (e.g., Ohio, Illinois)Carnation, Violet, Purple ConeflowerBur Oak, Prairie Grasses, Wild Bergamot
Southwest (e.g., Texas, Arizona)Bluebonnet, Saguaro Cactus Flower, Indian PaintbrushJoshua Tree, Agave, Mesquite
West (e.g., California, Washington)California Poppy, Coast Rhododendron, BitterrootGiant Sequoia, Redwood, Manzanita
Rocky Mountain (e.g., Colorado, Montana)Rocky Mountain Columbine, Bitterroot, Indian PaintbrushBlue Spruce, Aspen, Sagebrush
Great Plains (e.g., Kansas, Nebraska)Sunflower, Goldenrod, Purple ConeflowerCottonwood, Bluestem Grasses, Buffalo Grass
Pacific Northwest (e.g., Oregon, Alaska)Oregon Grape, Forget-me-not, Pacific RhododendronDouglas Fir, Western Hemlock, Ferns

This table includes the most popular flowers and plants in the USA by region, which considers a range of botanical species, including native and widely cultivated varieties.

Most Popular Flowers & Plants in Australia

RegionPopular FlowersPopular Plants
New South WalesWaratah, Bottlebrush, Flannel FlowerEucalyptus, Acacia, Banksia
VictoriaCommon Heath, Waxflower, Pink HeathMountain Ash, Silver Wattle, Victorian Blue Gum
QueenslandCooktown Orchid, Golden Penda, Umbrella Tree FlowerMoreton Bay Fig, Macadamia Nut, Queensland Bottle Tree
South AustraliaSturt's Desert Pea, Kangaroo Paw, Eucalyptus BlossomAdelaide Blue Gum, South Australian Blue Gum, Saltbush
Western AustraliaRed and Green Kangaroo Paw, Mangles Kangaroo Paw, Swan River DaisyJarrah, Marri, Karri
TasmaniaTasmanian Blue Gum, Leatherwood Flower, Tasmanian WaratahHuon Pine, Tasmanian Oak, Myrtle Beech
Northern TerritorySturt's Desert Rose, Frangipani, Desert RoseBoab, Gidgee, Spinifex
Australian Capital TerritoryRoyal Bluebell, Australian Daisy, CorreaSnow Gum, River Red Gum, Black Mountain

This table offers a basic overview of popular flowers and plants in each Australian region, focusing on a combination of state flowers, native species, and other characteristic plants. It's important to note that specific species' popularity and prevalence can vary. This table is a simplified representation. Consulting local botanical gardens or regional horticultural societies in Australia would be ideal for more detailed and accurate information.

Charlotte Gammon

By Charlotte Gammon

Meet Charlotte Gammon, our expert and author. She's our true treasure, as she has got 20+ years of experience in gardening, winery and house design. In early 2000s, she worked for today.com magazine and was in charge of the gaardening section. Later on, Charlotte opened her own designer agency and worked as a designer and decorator. We are happy to have Charlotte with us, as she is our good friend. We value her experience and we're sure you will love the articles she created for our blog.