13 of the Fastest-Growing Trees for a Privacy Screen in Your Yard

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13 of the Fastest-Growing Trees for a Privacy Screen in Your Yard

Blooming white tree in park

The fastest-growing trees can reach 50 feet tall and mature in 20 or 30 years. That means they can provide shade, privacy, or a windbreak to your yard more quickly than other shade trees that can take twice that long to reach maturity. The trade-off for their speedy growth is they often start declining after they reach maturity, so they have a more limited life span than slower-growing trees. And sometimes, their wood is more prone to breaking in storms, so you’ll need to prune them regularly to help keep them under control.

With the right placement and care, these trees can give your home and yard a new look in a relatively short time.

Fastest-Growing Trees

Before you plant one of these selections, make sure you have a spot to put it that’s well away from utility lines, homes, and driveways to minimize damage in case their large branches (or trunks) break during storms. It’s also good to pay attention to the location of septic lines and sidewalks when deciding where to place your tree because its roots could eventually cause problems with them. However, as long as you’re careful when you’re planting and keep up with maintenance, these trees will provide many years of beauty to your yard.

Bald Cypress

A good choice for wet or swampy sites, bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) has few insect or disease problems and is one of the few trees that tolerate standing water. The foliage turns russet red in late fall before dropping and exposing attractive reddish-brown bark. Growing at 18 to 24 inches per year, it can reach up to 100 feet tall and 40 feet wide. Bald cypress is native to North America and grows best with full sun in Zones 5-10.

Chinese Tallow Tree

Denny Schrock

A good replacement for poplars in warmer regions, Chinese tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum) usually encounters fewer pests than poplars. These trees grow with a rounded shape and look beautiful when the leaves turn color in the fall. This fast-growing tree rises 12 to 18 inches per year and can eventually reach up to 40 feet tall.

Though Chinese tallow trees are good for shade, avoid placing them near decks, patios, or terrace gardens because they drop a lot of flowers and fruit throughout the year. Instead, boost privacy with this fast-growing tree by placing it in the back corner of your landscape. Chinese tallow trees grow best in Zones 8-10 with full sun and well-drained soil.

Test Garden Tip

Check local restrictions before planting; some regions consider Chinese tallow tree invasive.

Cottonwoods and Lombardy Poplars

Denny Schrock

Known for growing along rivers and other moist areas of the eastern United States, cottonwoods (Populus deltoides) are also known for their brittle, weak wood. This fast-growing tree grows 3 to 4 feet per year, reaching up to 70 feet tall. Their relatives, Lombardy poplars (Populus nigra var. italica), named for the Italian region where they originated, are often used as 40- to 50-foot-tall screens. Cottonwood care can vary depending on the variety you plant, but generally, they’ll grow in Zones 3-9 with full sun or partial shade and well-drained soil.

Test Garden Tip

Check local restrictions before planting; some regions consider cottonwoods and Lombardy poplars invasive.

Dawn Redwood

A good fast-growing tree to provide privacy in the corner of a large residential lot, dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides) grows about 2 feet per year until reaching maturity at around 80 feet tall. It looks like an evergreen tree with soft, fine needles during the growing season. In autumn, the needles turn shades of red and brown before dropping, exposing the tree’s interesting branching pattern and bark in winter. It grows best in Hardiness Zones 4-8 in moist or wet soil in full sun.

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European Black Alder

Denny Schrock

Ideal for low, wet spots in the landscape where other trees usually don’t survive, European black alder (Alnus glutinosa) is native to most areas of Europe. This tree can have an extensive root system (it can stretch over 16 feet), so avoid planting near sidewalks and sewer lines. This fast-growing tree matures quickly when young but eventually slows to 12 to 15 inches per year, reaching 40 to 60 feet tall and 20 to 40 feet wide. Plant in damp soil with full sun or partial shade in Zones 4-8.

Test Garden Tip

Check local restrictions before planting; some regions consider European black alder invasive.

Gum

Denny Schrock

Strong, vigorous growers, gum trees (Eucalyptus spp.) can anchor a western landscape, making them a good fast-growing tree for privacy and shade. Plant gum trees where their fallen leaf and stem debris won’t cause problems. Growing two to three feet per year, gum trees come in various species ranging from 25 to 70 feet tall, but they don’t usually grow well in the high heat and humidity of the southeast. Place in a spot with full sun in well-drained soil in Zones 9-10.

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Japanese Pagoda Tree

Denny Schrock

Flourishing in a limited range in the United States, the Japanese pagoda tree (Sophora japonica) doesn’t need much care and produces creamy flowers in summer. Native to China and Japan, this fast-growing tree grows 12 to 15 inches annually and can reach 75 feet tall and wide. Japanese pagoda trees can tolerate full sun or partial shade and need rich, well-drained soil in Zones 6-8 (and temperate areas of Zone 5).

Lemon Bottlebrush

Edward Gohlich

Tolerant of southern heat and drought, lemon bottlebrush (Callistemon citrinus) can also be grown in northern climates in large containers and brought in for winter. It shoots up at a rate0 to 15 inches per year, eventually reaching 25 feet tall. Its red flowers also attract hummingbirds when in bloom. Plant outdoors in full sun or partial shade in well-drained soil in Zones 9-10.

Leyland Cypress

Erica George

You can use leyland cypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii) as an individual tree or plant in groups for a tall, fast-growing hedge for privacy and screening. It grows 1 to 3 feet per year, reaching 70 feet, and prefers full sun and well-drained soil in Zones 7-10. If you don’t want it to reach towering heights, prune it regularly to keep the size under control.

10

Silver Maple and Red Maple

One of the most common trees in the United States, the silver maple (Acer saccharinum), is native to the eastern part of North America. It grows one to two feet per year, reaching up to 100 feet tall and 70 feet wide. The silver maple is a common shade tree, but unfortunately, it has shallow roots and weak branches. Its cousin, the red maple (Acer rubrum), is also native to North America and is known for its stunning fall foliage color. Red maples grow smaller: 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide. Plant these maples in full sun or partial shade with well-drained soil in Zones 3-9.

These 15 Maple Trees Will Add Vibrant Color to Your Yard

11

Tulip Tree

Known for their beautiful yellow-orange spring flowers, tulip trees (Liriodendron tulipifera) also have unusual leaves shaped like tulip flower silhouettes and yellow fall foliage. They grow 15 to 18 inches per year and can reach up to 100 feet tall. The wood is weak, but you can train young trees to develop wide, strong branch angles to prevent splitting. Tulip trees grow best in Zones 5-9 with full sun or partial shade and well-drained soil.

12

Eastern White Pine

Denny Schrock

With silky, fine-texture needles and long, graceful branches, North American native Eastern white pines (Pinus strobus) are fast-growing trees famous for their elegant appearance. They grow 12 to 15 inches annually and can reach 100 feet tall. Grow in full sun in Zones 3-8 with well-drained soil.

13

Southern Catalpa

William Friedman, Arnold Arboretum

An old-fashioned shade tree, southern catalpa (Catalpa bignonioides), produces pretty white flowers in spring. The slender seedpods that come after the flowers can be messy, so it’s best to grow catalpa in a backyard. It grows 12 to 15 inches per year, eventually reaching up to 40 feet tall and wide. It’s native to areas of southeastern North America and grows best in full sun with well-drained soil in Zones 5-9.

Most Popular Flowers & Plants in the USA

RegionPopular FlowersPopular Plants
Northeast (e.g., New York, Massachusetts)Rose, Purple Lilac, Mountain LaurelSugar Maple, American Elm, White Pine
Southeast (e.g., Florida, Georgia)Orange Blossom, Cherokee Rose, Southern MagnoliaLive Oak, Spanish Moss, Saw Palmetto
Midwest (e.g., Ohio, Illinois)Carnation, Violet, Purple ConeflowerBur Oak, Prairie Grasses, Wild Bergamot
Southwest (e.g., Texas, Arizona)Bluebonnet, Saguaro Cactus Flower, Indian PaintbrushJoshua Tree, Agave, Mesquite
West (e.g., California, Washington)California Poppy, Coast Rhododendron, BitterrootGiant Sequoia, Redwood, Manzanita
Rocky Mountain (e.g., Colorado, Montana)Rocky Mountain Columbine, Bitterroot, Indian PaintbrushBlue Spruce, Aspen, Sagebrush
Great Plains (e.g., Kansas, Nebraska)Sunflower, Goldenrod, Purple ConeflowerCottonwood, Bluestem Grasses, Buffalo Grass
Pacific Northwest (e.g., Oregon, Alaska)Oregon Grape, Forget-me-not, Pacific RhododendronDouglas Fir, Western Hemlock, Ferns

This table includes the most popular flowers and plants in the USA by region, which considers a range of botanical species, including native and widely cultivated varieties.

Most Popular Flowers & Plants in Australia

RegionPopular FlowersPopular Plants
New South WalesWaratah, Bottlebrush, Flannel FlowerEucalyptus, Acacia, Banksia
VictoriaCommon Heath, Waxflower, Pink HeathMountain Ash, Silver Wattle, Victorian Blue Gum
QueenslandCooktown Orchid, Golden Penda, Umbrella Tree FlowerMoreton Bay Fig, Macadamia Nut, Queensland Bottle Tree
South AustraliaSturt's Desert Pea, Kangaroo Paw, Eucalyptus BlossomAdelaide Blue Gum, South Australian Blue Gum, Saltbush
Western AustraliaRed and Green Kangaroo Paw, Mangles Kangaroo Paw, Swan River DaisyJarrah, Marri, Karri
TasmaniaTasmanian Blue Gum, Leatherwood Flower, Tasmanian WaratahHuon Pine, Tasmanian Oak, Myrtle Beech
Northern TerritorySturt's Desert Rose, Frangipani, Desert RoseBoab, Gidgee, Spinifex
Australian Capital TerritoryRoyal Bluebell, Australian Daisy, CorreaSnow Gum, River Red Gum, Black Mountain

This table offers a basic overview of popular flowers and plants in each Australian region, focusing on a combination of state flowers, native species, and other characteristic plants. It's important to note that specific species' popularity and prevalence can vary. This table is a simplified representation. Consulting local botanical gardens or regional horticultural societies in Australia would be ideal for more detailed and accurate information.

Charlotte Gammon

By Charlotte Gammon

Meet Charlotte Gammon, our expert and author. She's our true treasure, as she has got 20+ years of experience in gardening, winery and house design. In early 2000s, she worked for today.com magazine and was in charge of the gaardening section. Later on, Charlotte opened her own designer agency and worked as a designer and decorator. We are happy to have Charlotte with us, as she is our good friend. We value her experience and we're sure you will love the articles she created for our blog.